Grade 6 Science Experiment 5 - "Using the Saponification Process to Make Your Own Soap"
The purpose of this science fair project is to create your own soap through the saponification process. The formal definition of the word saponification is "A reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali, such as sodium hydroxide, producing a free alcohol and an acid salt, especially alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil to make soap." In other words, you will use the highly alkaline chemical called lye and convert it into fats and fatty acids. This will yield soap.
Note: Adult supervision is required for this science fair project due to the danger of working with lye.
Soap can be created from lye, lard, and olive oil.
Amount of time it takes for soap to form.
- Medium size pot
- Large size pot
- Baking pan
- Large casserole dish that is made of glass
- Glass jar
- Electric blender
- Measuring cup
- Wooden spoon
- Cellophane wrap
- Rubber Gloves
- 1.5 cups of lard
- 0.5 cup of olive oil
- Bottled distilled water
- Lye grains or lye flakes
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